Luxusmesse in China – im September 2012 in Shanghai

Henning Schwarzkopf von der CHEURAM Consulting Group aus Hongkong und Beijing gibt bekannt, dass vom 14. bis 16. September 2012 in Shanghai die führende Messe für hochwertige, auch ausländische, Immobilien in China stafinden wird, die China International Luxury Property & Home Decor Show.

Neben Immobilien werden auch Luxusgüter aller Art und damit zusammenhängende Dienstleistungen aus- und vorgestellt, die sich an die wohlhabenden Besucher richten und damit eine wertvolle Ergänzung zum übrigen Angebot darstellen.

Die CHEURAM Group wird mit einem eigenen Stand vertreten sein; sie bietet deutschsprachigen Unternehmen die Möglichkeit an, sich in Form eines Gemeinschaftstandes daran zu beteiligen. Damit sparen sparen sie Kosten und kommen in den Genuß der vorhandenen Infrastruktur, einschließlich der Betreuung durch eine renommierte chinesischen Rechtsanwältin.

Anfragen zu den Konditionen, Preisen und zum Vorgehen sind an zu richten.


Reichtum in Shanghai

Die CHEURAM Consulting Group Ltd. stellt folgenden Bericht aus der Jing Daily zur Verfügung und empfiehlt deutschen Unternehmen und Unternehmers, die Gelegenheiten im China – Geschäft und sich sorgfältig vorzubereiten:

According to the recent “Shanghai Wealth Report 2012,” published by the Hurun Report and Australia’s Gao Fu Wealth Management, Shanghai, mainland China’s financial center and a rising star on the global business scene, now has 370,000 residents worth at least 6 million yuan (US$949,710), with business owners, real estate investors and professional investors ranking as the city’s wealthiest. The report adds that 140,000 Shanghai residents have assets of 10 million yuan (US$1.6 million) or more, an increase of 6.1 percent over last year and a full 14 percent of China’s high net worth individuals. A similar increase of 5.1 percent was seen among the 8,200 “super-rich” residents, whose net worth meets or exceeds 100 million yuan (US$15.8 million). Of the super-rich individuals in Shanghai, the Hurun Report details, 75 percent are business owners, while real estate investors account for 15 percent and professional investors account for 10 percent. “This year’s report,” said Rupert Hoogewerf, chairman and chief researcher of the Hurun Report, “shows that property is the biggest source of wealth in Shanghai, while globally, most wealth comes from professional investment.”

Still, since China’s real estate industry remains on shaky ground and the stock market is far from a source of strength, Hoogwerf added that we should see changes in the makeup of upcoming rich lists. Currently, Liu Yongxing of the East Hope Group and Zhou Chengjian of fast-fashion retailer Metersbonwe Group rank as Shanghai’s wealthiest residents, with Liu’s fortune reaching 41 billion yuan (US$6.5 billion) and Zhou’s 32 billion yuan (US$5 billion). And as the enthusiasm of a growing number of wealthy Shanghainese has cooled towards stock market or real estate investment, interest in wealth management products and the art market has grown over the past two years.

According to a recent survey of 1,200 wealth-management product investors around China by Citigroup, 73 percent of respondents planned to invest more in these products in the next year, with the Wall Street Journal noting an “exodus” from bank deposits among wealthy Chinese. As Citibank’s study concluded, “[wealth-management products] are likely to continue to grow rapidly in China and to maintain their drag on deposits in the near term.” This growing interest in wealth management among wealthy Chinese has given an increasing number of banks the motivation to offer a wider array of these products, with the Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) Banking Group saying this week it plans to invest US$300 million to support the growth of its China subsidiary and boost its presence in the Asia market. As ANZ CEO Mike Smith said in Beijing this week, the bank is “on the verge of getting the green light” to provide retail banking and wealth management services in China. Said Smith, “Wealth management and individual wealth products are definitely things we will look at in future.”

As overall Chinese economic growth is expected to slow this year, banks expect an increase in the number of wealthy individuals to seek higher rates of return via wealth management services, with the Australian noting this week that ”many households are taking advantage of the gradual opening of access to other wealth-management products than bank deposits, the return of which is generally below the inflation rate.”

In addition to wealth management products, another area where some wealthy Shanghainese have put their money is the art market. Over the past several years, this has been particularly true for the city’s ultra-wealthy, among them super-collectors Liu Yiqian and Wang Wei, who have spent an estimated US$317 million on Chinese modern, revolutionary and contemporary art and antiques. This November, Wang and Liu plan to open their private “Long” (or “Dragon”) Art Museum (龙美术馆) in Shanghai, a 10,000 square meter (107,640 square foot), three-level private museum on which the couple has spent an estimated 200 million yuan (US$31 million) of their own money to fund. Designed by Zhong Song (仲松), a “post-70s generation” artist and architect who started off his career at the studio of the late Beijing artist Chen Yifei, the museum’s facade will feature a light-colored granite facade onto which images will be projected, while the interior will feature separate sections for modernist artwork, Wang Wei’s beloved collection of “Red Classics” from 1949-1979, and Chinese contemporary art, as well as space for arts education classes.

Along with Wang and Liu, a growing number of Shanghai’s wealthy, aspiring collectors are getting involved in the market, so quickly that Liu himself doesn’t even recognize many of the new players. As Liu told Sohu Finance last summer:

[I expect] we’ll see more and more new collectors enter the market. Over the past five years, there were only a few collectors involved with this market, and we were therefore quite familiar with buyers as well as sellers. But this situation has changed this year, as half of the buyers are even new to me.

I guess I’ll only know less than one-fifth of the players in this area in the next five years.

As the Huffington Post recently pointed out, it’s not just an interest in diversifying assets away from cash or real estate to avoid inflation or economic fluctuations, there’s a growing status element to the art-collecting trend exemplified by Wang and Liu, as well as other prominent collectors like Indonesian-Chinese contemporary art devotee Budi Tek and Yang Bin. This is tied closely to the (slowly) growing interest in philanthropy seen in China. Though philanthropy remains in its relative infancy in China, with donations reaching US$16.4 billion in 2010 — compared to $291 billion in the United States — according to, philanthropy tied to arts education and private museums is becoming increasingly visible in places like Shanghai. As the Huffington Post noted:

A growing interest in philanthropy is one reason behind the private museum boomlet. Rapid growth is creating thousands of new millionaires in Asia each year. Their ranks grew to 3.3 million in 2011, surpassing Europe for the first time, according to Merrill Lynch and Capgemini. Between January last year and March this year, China’s top 100 philanthropists donated $1.6 billion, according to the Hurun Report, a Chinese rich list. That’s about a fivefold increase from 2004 when the list started.


The Chinese Luxury Consumer White Paper 2012, jointly published by the Industrial Bank and Hurun Report

Henning Schwarzkopf von der CHEURAM Consulting Group Ltd. aus Hong Kong verweist auf einen sehr interessanten Artikel im Hurun Report mit dem Titel The Chinese Luxury Consumer White Paper 2012 in Zusammenarbeit mit der Industrial Bank of China.

  • There are 2.7 million high net worth individuals (HNWIs) in China with personal assets of more than 6 million Chinese yuan (equivalent to US$950,000) and 63,500 ultra-high net worth individuals(UHNWIs) with assets of more than 100 million Chinese yuan (US$15.8 million)
  • Chinese luxury consumers expect their private banks to provide value-added services relating to luxury travel, health care and children’s education
  • 70% of those who have read an Executive MBA want to study a second one
  • 85% plan to send their children to study abroad
  • The luxury consumer exercises 2.3 times a week
  • High net worths are on the road 6.9 days a month, with ultra high net worths 9 days
  • Two thirds have started a collection: watches and classical Chinese paintings are most popular
  • Half have a religious belief
  • 10% of annual spend goes on gifting. 80% of gifting is for business.
  • 73% of individuals purchase luxury goods in Hong Kong.  28% purchase goods in the Mainland
  • Internet surpasses television as the main source of obtain shopping information
  • 20% have little confidence in their knowledge of what they are collecting
  • Li Kaifu’s Weibo or micro-blog is most popular, followed by Wang Shi, Pan Shiyi, Ren Zhiqiang and Shi Yuzhu
  • 35% own pets
  • 13% of UHNWIs intend to purchase a corporate aircraft

The Industrial Bank and the Hurun Report Research Institute today released The Chinese Luxury Consumer White Paper 2012, a ground-breaking report on private banking in China and the evolving lifestyle of the Chinese luxury consumer. This authoritative 48-paged report comes at a time when the nation’s high net worth individuals (HNWIs) are growing rapidly and seeing an evolution in their value systems and tastes.

Industrial Bank’s vice president of retail banking and general manager of private banking, Zhang Changgong, said, “The consumer lies at the heart of a country’s stable economic development, and analyzing the consumption demands of the luxury consumer has practical significance to expanding domestic demand. This white paper is able accurately to reflect the characteristics and trends of the Chinese luxury consumer. We are proud to put out this white paper with the Hurun Research Institute, the authority when it comes to the Chinese luxury consumer.”

Hurun Report chairman and chief researcher, Rupert Hoogewerf, said, “We are delighted to cooperate with Industrial Bank, one of the world’s most innovative banks, to produce this authoritative and ground-breaking report on the Chinese luxury consumer. Most brands now recognise the spending power of the Chinese luxury consumer, but we believe this report to be the first serious attempt to ask the question of ‘Who these people are and what makes them tick?’.”

Between October 2011 and January 2012, the Industrial Bank and Hurun Research Institute conducted 878 face-to-face interviews with Industrial Bank private banking customers from 29 cities across China. The average personal wealth of respondents was 49 million Chinese yuan.  Their annual spend was 3% of personal wealth.

How big is the market

In the report, we classify HNWIs as those with more than 6 million Chinese yuan worth of personal assets. At present, there are 2.7 million high net worth individuals in China, 6 in 10 being male, with an average age of 39 years. Their main sources of wealth are returns on investment and the ownership/sale of their companies. Their main investment choices tend to be real estate, stocks and shares, however, interest in fixed income investments is gradually increasing. In addition, they own an average of three cars, four watches, take 20 days of holiday a year, with their preferred sporting activities being golf and swimming.

There are 63,500 UHNWIs with personal assets of more than 100 million Chinese yuan. 8 in 10 are male, with an average age of 41. Their main source of wealth is through the ownership/sale of their companies. Real estate and stocks remain the two most popular investment choices, but they also invest more in art and unlisted companies. UHNWIs own an average of three cars, six watches, take 20 days of vacation a year, and like playing golf.

Analysis of the regional distribution of HNWIs shows that East China accounts for the highest proportion, at more than 40%, whilst Beijing has the highest total number, with 460,000 individuals, 10,500 of them UHNWIs. Guangdong province is in second place, followed by Shanghai and Zhejiang province.

Key consumer spending areas – travel, daily luxuries, children’s education

HNWIs spend an average of 3% of their personal wealth a year.

Travel is the biggest area of consumption for HNWIs, accounting for 19% of their annual spend. Next come daily luxuries, at 15% and children’s education which accounts for 12%.

Travel, healthcare and children’s education are top three consumption hot-spots

Luxury travel is emerging as the hottest growth area in terms of spending. More than 50% of HNWIs expect their expenditure on travel to increase in the future, with health and wellness and children’s education close behind at 40%. China’s HNWIs are paying ever more attention to their health, with 73% choosing to have regular check-ups, and a further 10% already having a personal physician. There is also a clear rise in the proportion of both male and female HNWIs who neither drink nor smoke. The number of male HNWIs who do not smoke rose from 35% in 2010 to 50% in 2011, whilst those who stopped drinking rose from 19% in 2010 to 25% in 2011. Children’s education is HNWIs’ third largest area of spending, with 85% saying they have a plan to send their children abroad to study, while among UHNWIs the figure is 90%. Furthermore, a growing proportion is choosing to send their children abroad earlier.

HNWIs want their private bank to provide luxury travel advice, with 60% of respondents. Half want health-related value-added services, while more than 1/3 favouring services related to their children’s education. HNWIs are greatly interested in value-added services provided by private banking, since such services not only increase their knowledge and provide entertainment, but also offer them a chance to expand their social circle.

Education is seen as an important platform for improving one’s Social Networks

Almost half of HNWIs intend to take part in training programmes over the next three years. Over a third of HNWIs like to attend conferences and lectures, while almost 30% have taken part in EMBA programmes or further education classes for CEOs. Among those who take part in EMBAs and CEO further education classes, more than ¾ feel that the biggest benefit they get from this is in helping to expand their Social networks. For HNWIs below 30 years, improving their social networks (87%) and educational level (45%) are top priorities. In addition, almost 60% of HNWIs seek to better themselves through reading.

1/3 are Buddhist, followed by Christians and Moslems at 7% and 3% respectively

Approximately half of HNWIs have a religious faith, with Buddhism the most popular, at 30%. 7% are Christians, of which 70% are Protestants and 30% Catholics. Half profess to have no religious faith.

The proportion of HNWIs who are Buddhists is higher than the average for the country, which stands at 18%, according to data from the ‘Religious Blue Paper: Report on Religion in China (2011)’.

Young HNWIs, aged below 30, are more likely to be Christians, at 11%, compared with the over 30s (31-45: 5%; over 45: 3%). Of the HNWIs who possess a religious faith, the proportion of women is higher (37%) than that of men (25%).

Gift spending accounts for 10% of annual consumption, with 80% for business

Gifts are one of HNWIs’ five top areas of spending, costing them some 150,000 Chinese yuan per year – and, for UHNWIs, more than 260,000 Chinese yuan. Gifts given at business occasions account for almost 80% of the presents given by HNWIs, while more than 40% of HNWIs also need to give gifts at weddings and other celebrations. The majority of HNWIs will choose gifts worth between 5,000 and 20,000 Chinese yuan, with men choosing more expensive gifts than women. Watches are HNWIs’ first choice for gifts when buying for a man, while red wine is the most common gift among UHNWIs.

High quality and exceptional brand reputation are seen as the most important luxury good characteristics

Quality is seen as the prime luxury good characteristic of luxury goods, reflective of a shift beyond seeing the luxury good as a status symbol. HNWIs are not concerned  about the price, and the most important factor is the product itself, followed by the purchasing environment. HNWIs’ luxury goods purchases are concentrated in watches and jewels, whereas purchases by UHNWIs are showing a clear trend towards super-luxury goods such as yachts and private jets. In addition, it is of no surprise that more men bought watches (66%) and tobacco and alcohol products (36%), while more women bought jewels (58%), clothes (51%) and accessories (31%).

Hong Konghas become the undisputed first choice destination for HNWIs to buy luxury goods or high-end consumer products. Less than 30% of HNWIs buy luxury goods domestically, due a lack of product safety, poor management, a lack of credibility, high prices and high taxes. Hong Kong accounts for 73% of luxury or high-end purchases made by HNWIs, followed by those made in Europe and domestically, both at 28%. On average, HNWIs go abroad to Hong Kong to go shopping 2.9 times a year, whilst among UHNWIs the frequency of such trips is markedly higher, with an average of 3.7 times a year.

The Internet dominates television as the main source of information for consumer products

The Internet remains the most widely used media resource, with 67% HNWIs using it as their primary source of information. is the most popular website, favoured by 73%, followed by Sohu and Tencent, at 47% and 35% respectively. More than 60% of HNWIs will obtain information from the web before making a purchase, a higher percentage than those who get information from television, magazines, or recommendations from family and friend (50% each). Television is the second-most used media source, with 62% of HNWIs mainly getting information from television. Of these, more than 70% mostly watch news and business programmes.

Leisure spending and travelling abroad

HNWIs work 39 hours every week, and spend 18 hours on leisure and entertainment. There is no obvious distinction between their working days and the weekend – they simply work when they need to, and take time off when they want. HNWIs go abroad an average of 3.2 times a year, while for UHNWIs the figure is more than 4 times. Holiday and business are the main reasons for travelling abroad. HNWIs spend an average of 7 days a month travelling for work, while UHNWIs travel the most, averaging 9 days a month. HNWIs take a relatively high number of holidays, averaging 20 days break a year, while 30% take more than 30

General Consumption Trends

HNWIs’ way of life can be divided into three main stages: wealth creation, wealth preservation, and wealth appreciation. Having passed through the first phase where luxury goods are used as tools to confirm one’s social status they have now entered the stage of wealth preservation with a lower-key way of life and are edging towards the final stage of wealth appreciation which sees more taste-based consumption as well as a more charitable way of life.

An additional trademark of the second phase which is seen in abundance with Chinese HNWIs is the joining of clubs and societies, partaking in elite sports, completing further education courses or becoming a collector of fine items.



Luxus in China weiter im Trend

Henning Schwarzkopf von der CHEURAM Consulting Group aus Hongkong macht auf eine sehr interessante Studie der Unternehmensberatung Bain & Company aufmerksam, deren Untertitel “China fordert Höchstgeschwindigkeit” lautet.

Der Tenor lautet: Der chinesische Markt entwickelt sich mit einer einmaligen Dynamik. Wenn deutsche und Schweizer Unternehmen den Anschluss nicht verlieren wollen, müssen sie noch einen Gang höher schalten und China zu ihrem zweiten Heimatmarkt machen.

Hier ist der Link zur Studie: BainBrief_Quansu-Strategie_2011



Die bizarre Welt der reichen Chinesen

In der Welt vom 25. Oktober erschien folgender Artikel, der die Welt der reichen Cinesen sehr gut beschreibt.

Secondhandläden für Luxusgüter schießen in der Volksrepublik wie Pilze aus dem Boden – weil die neuen Millionäre nicht warten wollen.


Designermode bei der Fashion Week in Peking
Foto: picture alliance / Photoshot
Designermode bei der Fashion Week in Peking.  Wenn die Luxuskleider nicht passen, wandern sie in den Secondhandshop und werden dort teuer verkauft.

Die Chefverkäuferin in der Milan-Boutique nennt sich „Maggie“. Sie preist eine beigefarbene Handtasche in der Glasvitrine: „Das ist unser bestes Stück, eine „Birkin“-Tasche von Hermès, Straußenleder, aktuelle Edition.“

In einer der drei Hermès-Filialen Pekings würde die nach Jane Birkin benannte Tasche umgerechnet 16.000 Euro kosten. Bei „Milan-Station“ im Sanlitiun-Village gibt es sie auch aus zweiter Hand. Dafür aber doppelt so teuer: „Für 288.000 Yuan (32.000 Euro) können Sie sie mitnehmen.“

Willkommen in der absurden Welt des chinesischen Gebrauchtwaren-Mekkas für Luxusmarken, dem jüngsten Konsumtrend für die Neureichen im Land. Secondhandshops schießen wie einst in Japan auch in der Volksrepublik aus dem Boden, die bisher als Paradies für Markenfälschungen galt und über weite Strecken ein bitterarmes Entwicklungsland ist.

Gebrauchte Taschen sind doppelt so teuer

Designertaschen von Hermès sind gebraucht doppelt so teuer, weil sie so begehrt sind, erklärt Maggie. Die französische Nobelmarke lasse selbst ihre VIP-Kunden in Paris sechs Monate warten, wenn sie eine „Birkin“ aus der aktuellen Serie wollen. In Peking sind es vier Jahre. Wer sie in China eher haben will „muss zu uns kommen. Es gibt genug Leute, die nicht warten wollen.“

Das bestätigt auch Lu Yuan, Geschäftsführerin im zweistöckigen „Secoo“-Shop in der „Finanzstraße“. Das 1100 Quadratmeter große Geschäft wirkt wie ein exklusiver Club, aber nicht wie ein Gebrauchtwaren-Markt. Verkäufer tragen Handschuhe. Im Obergeschoss lassen sich Neureiche in eleganten Separees bei Tee und Knabbereien neue Einlieferungen zeigen. Viele haben eine Vorauswahl über „“ getroffen. Seit Januar hat Chinas größter Secondhand-Anbieter für Luxusmarken seine eigene Webseite. „Wir haben schon eine halbe Million Online-Mitglieder.“ Bei Preisen über 1000 Euro wollen Käufer das Objekt ihrer Begierde näher in Augenschein nehmen. Lu Yuan zeigt ihnen eine violette Handtasche aus Krokodilleder für 298.000 Yuan. Es ist eine Hermès-„Jypsiere“. „,Birkin‘ wäre besser.“ Vor Kurzem hatte sie eine in Rot. „Die ging für 52.000 Euro weg.“

Hinter dem Service-Counter sitzen Prüfer. Sie zertifizieren alle Marken und legen je nach Zustand erhebliche Preisabschläge fest, wenn es nicht gerade gesuchte Marken von Hermès oder Chanel sind. Mehrfach in der Woche wechselt das Angebot der rund 1500 ausgestellten Taschen, Uhren, Gürtel, Seidentücher, Sonnenbrillen, Schuhe oder Markenuhren von Louis Vuitton, Gucci, Prada, Burberry bis Cartier.

Was nicht passt geht in den Scondhandshop

Oft sind sie noch nicht mal anprobiert worden wie etwa Modelschuhe. Reiche Zeitgenossen brachten sie von einer Auslandsreise als Geschenke mit. Weil sie die falsche Größe oder Farbe wählten, landeten ihre Schuhe bei „Secoo“. „Ein Drittel unseres Angebots kommt über diesen Weg“, sagt Li Rixue, Gründer und Geschäftsführer von „Secoo“.

Andere Einlieferungen stammen von VIPs oder von Schauspielerinnen, die eine Tasche in anderer Form wollen, sowie von Zwischenhändlern. „Wenn wir an Echtheit oder rechtsmäßigen Herkunft eines Angebots zweifeln müssen, nehmen wir es nicht an. Unsere Kunden wissen, dass sie Zweitbesitz erwerben, aber erste Hand erhalten.“

Der 37-Jährige startete vor 15 Jahre mit dem Verkauf fast neuwertiger Haushaltstelektronik. Er entdeckte, dass reiche Chinesen sich jedes neue Produkt kauften, sobald es auf den Markt kam und dann nicht wüssten, was sie mit ihren Zweitgeräten anfangen sollten. Li erkannte die Marktlücke und baute dazu seine Ladenkette in den Provinzen auf. Die gleiche Entwicklung vollziehe sich beim Luxuskonsum.“ Die Olympischen Spiele 2008 brachten die Zäsur“, sagt er. „Reiche Chinesen kaufen keine Kopien. Die echten Nobelmarken bringen ihnen Gesicht und Status. Sie sind auch ein Ausweis für Kultur.“

Touristen kaufen Fake-Artikel

Verkehrte Welten: Vor Pekings Fake-Kaufhäusern halten Busse voller Touristen. Europäer shoppen mit Vorliebe in dem für Billigklamotten und dreiste Markenfälschungen berüchtigten fünfstöckigen „Yaxiu“-Seidenmarkt, Im Untergeschoss für Schuhe, Gürtel oder Koffer stehen auch Hermès-Taschen. Ihre Preise reichen von 180 Yuan (20 Euro) für grobe Kopien bis zum zehnfachen Preis für „yibiyi“ (Eins zu Eins) genannte Imitationen der „Birkin“-Tasche. „Schon krass“ sagt Li, „wie wild Europäer auf Fakes sind, während unsere Neureichen für Kultmarken mehr als den Originalpreis zahlen.“

2009 öffnete Li seinen ersten „Secoo“-Laden auf 100 Quadratmeter in Peking neben zehn kleineren Franchise-Shops für Second-Hand-Mode in den Provinzen. 2010 setzte er mehr als drei Millionen Euro um. Dieses Jahr werden es sieben Mal soviel sein, nachdem im März seine Flaggschiff- Boutique öffnete und das Online-Geschäft brummt. Li plant 2012 bis zu zehn weitere Luxus-Großboutiquen in Peking, Schanghai und in den Provinzhauptstädten zu errichten. „Wir peilen mehr als 100 Millionen Euro Umsatz an.“

Venture-Kapitalisten glauben, dass sein Geschäftsmodell, bei dem er Einlieferungen zu 80 Prozent auf Kommission übernimmt, in China Zukunft hat. Im Juli kauften sich US-Investoren von „IDG Capital“ mit zehn Millionen US-Dollar als Teilhaber ein, im September folgte eine japanische Bank. Li will „Secoo“ 2013 an die Börse bringen und im Online-Business auch „hippe“ IT-Geräte, Zigarren, Weine und gar Yachten als Secondhand anbieten. „China wird das neue Zentrum für Luxuskonsum.“

Allein in Peking und Schanghai gebe es heute rund 100.000 potenzielle Kunden. Tendenz rasch steigend. Weltweite Nobelmarken drängen in den Markt. Hermès unterhält in China heute 18 Filialen. Die Luxus-Secondhändler folgen bei Fuß. Die Hongkonger Gruppe „Milan-Station“ will ihre vierte Boutique in Peking und Schanghai eröffnen. Der größte japanische Second-Hand-Anbieter „Brand Off“ öffnete jetzt auch in Schanghai seinen ersten Laden. Ein Ende der Entwicklung ist nicht abzusehen.

Immer mehr Superreiche

Li macht sich keine Sorgen, dass ihm die Kunden ausgehen. Immobilienspekulation und Wirtschaftsboom hätten über Nacht eine Klasse von Superreichen geschaffen. Die Zahl an Chinesen, die mehr als zehn Millionen Yuan (1,1 Millionen Euro) anlegen oder ausgeben können, hat sich von 361.000 im Jahr 2006 auf über eine Millionen 2010 verdreifacht. Bis 2015 wird sie auf 2,19 Millionen Menschen ansteigen. Das haben renommierte Finanzforscher in einer neuen Studie für das Privatkundengeschäft chinesischer Banken herausgefunden. „China Business News“ hat sie gerade veröffentlicht. Demnach verteilen sich die Hälfte der Multimillionäre und 72 Prozent des Vermögens auf nur sechs Regionen: Peking, Guangdong, Schanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangsu und Fujian.

In keinem Land der Welt sind die Unterschiede zwischen einem obzön zur Schau getragenen Luxus und weitverbreiteten Unterentwicklung so krass wie im heutigen China ausgeprägt. 150 Millionen Chinesen leben unterhalb der von der Uno festgelegten Armutsgrenze von einem US-Dollar Einkommen pro Tag. Singapurs Ex-Staatspräsident Lee Kuan- Yew, den Pekings Führung als Ratgeber schätzt, nennt diese Kluft die größte Herausforderung für die weitere Entwicklung, von deren Überwindung auch die politische Stabilität des Landes abhängen wird.

Weil Peking die Einfuhr ausländischer Marken oft mit 50 Prozent Aufschlag verzollt, bringen immer mehr Bürger sie bei Auslandsreisen mit. Die „World Luxury Association“ (WLA) zählte jetzt Hunderttausende Chinesen, die zur Urlaubswoche um den Nationaltag 1. Oktober in Hongkong, Europa, USA oder Japan schoppten. Sie kauften in sieben Tagen für rund 2,7 Milliarden. Edelmarken ein. Chinas Fiskus entgehen riesige Einnahen. Peking will Zölle senken, schrieb „China Daily“, um den Luxuskonsum im Land zu halten.

Wer sich die neuen Statussymbole weder aus erster noch zweiter Hand leisten kann und keine Fakes kaufen will, hat eine andere Alternative. „Neue Imagewirtschaft für den Mittelstand“ nennt Pekings Abendzeitung jetzt den jüngsten Trend gewitzter Hersteller. Sie bieten über Online-Shops die Original-Bags oder andere Verpackungen für berühmte Marken an. Jeder könne damit so tun, als hätte er gerade in der Boutique eingekauft. Bis 100 Yuan (elf Euro) kostet eine echte Tasche aus Karton von Hermès.